የኢትዮጵያ ህዝብ የጋራ ትግል ሸንጎ [ሸንጎ] ኦፊሴላዊ ድረ ገፅ

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ውጤቱ ምን ሊሆን እንደሚችል ከወዲሁ የሚታወቀው የህወሓት/ኢህአዴግ የምርጫ ድራማን አስመልክቶ የተሰጠ የጋራ መግለጫ

የኢትዮጵያ ህዝብ ነጻነቱን ተነፍጎ ባገር በቀሉ የወያኔ አፓርታይድ አገዛዝ ስረ ወድቆ ፍዳውን እያየ ነው። ስርአቱ ላለፉት 24 አመታት በሃገራችን ውሰጥ በፈጠራቸው ፖለቲካዊ፤ ማህበራዊ፤ ኢኮኖሚያዊና ስነልቦናዊ ቀውሶች ምክንያት ተተኪው ወጣት ትውልድ ባስደንጋጭ ሁኔታ በየጊዜው አገሩን ጥሎ ሲወጣ በባህር ውስጥ በመስመጥና፤ ከዛም የተረፈው በአፍሪካና በአረብ አገሮች እጅግ አሰቃቂ ለሆኑ ውርደት ስቃይና ግድያ ተጋልጧል።

ከምርጫ ሂደት ጋር በተያያዘ፤ ምርጫውን ተከትሎ ሊፈጠር የሚችለውን የህዝብ አመጽ አስቀድሞ ለማምከን በሚል ስልት በሀገር ውስጥ የሚገኙ ወጣቶችን ወጣት በመሆናቸው ምክንያት ብቻ በሺዎች የሚቆጠሩ በመታፈስና ወደ ተለያዩ እስር ቤቶች በመታጎር ላይ ናቸው። በመላው አገሪቱ ውስጥ የፖለቲካ አመራር አካላትም ይሁኑ አባላት በእስርና ወከባ ላይ ይገኛሉ። በአጠቃላይ የምርጫ ምህዳሩ ዝግ መሆኑ እየተገለጸ በሚገኝበት ሂደት ውስጥ ያለነጻነት ነጻና ፍትሃዊ ምርጫ ማድረግ ስለማይቻል ህዝባችንን ወደ ፍትሃዊና ዲሞክራሲዊ ስርአት የሚያሸጋግረው ውጤት ይገኛል ብለን አናምንም።

በማንኛውም አገር በሚደረጉ የምርጫ ሂደት ላይ የጎላ ሚና ሊጫወቱ የሚችሉ ተቋማትና ድርጅታዊ እንቅስቃሴዎች ምን አህል እንደታፈኑ በአጭሩ በማስረጃ ለማስደገፍ ያህል፤ በርካታ የህዝብ ወገንተኛና የተቃዋሚ ድርጅት መሪዎች፤ አባላትና ደጋፊዎቻቸው፤ ጋዜጠኞች ጦማሪያን በግፍ ታስረው በድቅድቅ ጨለማ በእስር ቤት ውስጥ ባስቸጋሪ ሁኔታ ላይ ይገኛሉ። ኢትዮጵያውያን ሙስሊሞች ከውጭ የመጣ መንግሥታዊ ሃይማኖት ሊጫንብን አይገባም በማለታቸው ብቻ መሪዎቻቸው በአሸባሪነት ተፈርጀው በእስር ቤት እየተሰቃዩ ነው። ህወሓት ከጥንስሱ፤ የኢትዮጵያ ኦርቶዶክስ ተዋሕዶ ቤተ ክርስቲያን፤ የኢትዮጵያ አንድነት መሰረት ነው ከሚል መነሻ፤ በዋና ጠላትነት በመፈረጅ መንበረ ስልጣኑን ከመቆጣጠሩ በፊትና በሗላ በካህናት፤ ምእመናንና በታሪክ ላይ ተከታታይና ከፍተኛ ወንጀል በመፈጸም ላይ ነው። የፖለቲካ ፓርቲዎች እንዲፈርሱ ሆነዋል። ተቃዋሚውን የሚደግፉ ዜጎች ሥራ አያገኙም፤ ከሥራም ይባረራሉ። እጩነት በእጣ ሆኗል። የምርጫ ቦርዱ በአገዛዙ ቁጥጥር ሥር ነው። ተቃዋሚዎች በነፃነት ተንቀሳቅሰው ማደራጀት አይችሉም። ዓለም አቀፍ የምርጫ ታዛቢዎች የሉም። መገናኛ ብዙሃንን አገዛዙ ተቆጣጥሮታል። ጋዜጠኞች ተሰደዋል። ነፃ የፍትኅ ተቋም የለም። ሰብዓዊ መብትን እያፈነ ሽብርተኝነትን እዋጋለሁ በሚል ሰበብ ከምዕራቡ ዓለም በሚያገኘው ዕርዳታ ተቃዋሚውን ያፍናል፤ ምዕራባውያንን ያሞኛል። እነኚህን መሰረታዊ ችግሮች በመረዳት ለመጀመሪያ ጊዜ የአውሮፓ የጋራ ማህበር በምርጫው አንደማይሳተፍ ይፋ አድርጓል።

ከላይ በጥቂቱ የተዘረዘሩትን ኩነቶች ስንገነዘብ የምርጫው ውጤት አስቀድሞ መታወቁን ለማወቅ አዳጋች አይሆንም። አምባገነኑ የወያኔ አገዛዝ ይህንን ምርጫ ለይስሙላ ዲሞክራሲ ለውጭ መንግስታት ገጸ በረከት ለማቅረብና ዓለም አቀፍ እውቅና በማግኘት ለቀጣይ ተመሳሳይ አስርተ ዓመታት ሀገሪቷን በመግዛት የስልጣን ጥሙን ሊያረካበት የተዘጋጀ መሆኑን በግልጽ እንረዳለን።

ህዝባችን ላለፉት 24 አመታት ያለነጻነት በወያኔ የግፍ አገዛዝ ስር ፍዳውን በሚያይበት በዚህ ወሳኝ ወቀት ስርአቱን ለማስወገድ ህዝብን መሰረት ያደረገ ባንድ ማከል የሚንቀሳቀስ ሁሉን አቀፍ ያማራጭ አካል በማቋቋም የህዝባችንን እምቢተኝነት በተማከለ ሁኔታ ለመምራት የተቃዋሚው ኃይል በሙሉ ባስቸኳይ ተሰባስቦ አማራጭ ኃይል ሆኖ መቅረብ የወቅቱ ጥያቄ መሆኑን በመረዳት የእንሰባሰብ ጥሪያችንን እናቀርባለን።

ቀጥለው የተዘረዘሩት ድርጅቶች፤ ከላይ የተገለፁትን ችግሮች የኢትዮጵያ ህዝብ ለነፃነቱ የሚያካሂደው ትግል ላይ የሚያስከትሉትን አስከፊ አደጋዎች ከወዲሁ በመረዳት፤ በዋነኝነት ደግሞ ብሄራዊና ወቅታዊ ጉዳዮችን በማስቀደም፤ የአማራጭ ሃይል ባስቸኳይ የሚቋቋምበትን ሁኔታዎች ለማመቻቸት ከፍተኛ ጥረት በማድረግ ላይ መሆናቸውን እየገለፅን፤ ሁሉም የፓለቲካ ድርጅቶች የጉዳዩን አሳሳቢነት በመረዳት የጋራ አቋም ላይ እንዲደርሱ ጥሪያችንን በአክብሮት እናቀርባለን።

በዚህ አጋጣሚ ነጻነት ናፋቂ ለሆነው ወገናችን ለማሳሰብ የምንወደው፤ ይህ መሰረታዊ ጉዳይ የፖለቲካ ድርጅቶች ሀላፊነት ብቻ አለመሆኑን ተገንዝቦ አገርና ህዝብን ለነጻነት ለማብቃት አስፈላጊውን ተሳትፎ እንዲያደርግ አገራዊ ጥሪያችንን በአክብሮት እናስተላልፋለን።

ይህን አደገኛ የቁልቁለት ጉዞ እንዲገታ በጋራ እንቁም!

የኢትዮጵያ ህዝብ የጋራ ትግል ሸንጎ (SHENGO)

የኢትዮጵያ ብሄራዊ የሽግግር ምክር ቤት (ENTC)

የኢትዮጵያ ሙስሊሞች ሰላማዊ ንቅናቄ ደጋፊዎች ህብረት (UEM-PMSG)

የኢትዮጵያ ወጣቶች ብሄራዊ ንቅናቄ (EYNM)

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Joint Letter To President Obama

 

May 5, 2015

To: President Barack Obama, President of the United States

From: Concerned Ethiopians and Ethiopian-Americans

Subject: Stamp of Approval to Single-Party Dictatorship in Ethiopia

“If the dignity of the individual is upheld across Africa, then I believe Americans will be more free as well, because I believe that none of us are fully free when others in the human family remain shackled by poverty or disease or oppression…Governments that respect the rights of their citizens and abide by the rule of law do better, grow faster.”

                                                                               President Obama, South Africa, June 30, 2013

Dear Mr. President,

It is with sheer dismay, deep disappointment and disbelief that millions of Ethiopians within and outside Ethiopia heard Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs Wendy Sherman has given a stamp of approval to one of the most oppressive governments on the planet during an official visit to Addis Ababa, April 16, 2015. Her statement that “Ethiopia is a democracy that is moving forward in an election that we expect to be free, fair, credible, open and inclusive in ways that Ethiopia has moved forward in strengthening its democracy” is utterly baseless and untrue. At least 30 opposition parties have boycotted the May 2015 Parliamentary Elections. Multiethnic parties have been crushed and replaced by parties that are loyal to the Tigray People’s Liberation Front, the minority ethnic group that dominates the Ethiopian Peoples’ Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF). In effect, the ruling party is running against itself.

All fair minded and objective human rights groups such as Amnesty International, U.S.A, the Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ), Freedom House, Human Rights Watch, Freedom Now, Ethiopian Human Rights Project, International Rivers and others provide a plethora of evidence that Ethiopia’s political, social and religious climate has deteriorated over the past five years.

We agree with the statement six of the above seven organizations cosigned and sent to Secretary of State John Kerry on April 17, 2015. “We are deeply troubled over the comments made by Under Secretary Wendy Sherman recently in Addis Ababa. The Under Secretary’s unfortunate statement calling Ethiopia a democracy puts the United States government on record as endorsing a government that systematically suppresses the fundamental rights of its citizens. Political pluralism and the ability of Ethiopians to freely express themselves, associate, and participate in peaceful assembly is far more restricted today than ten years ago under the same government, reflecting a dramatic deterioration in the government’s respect for fundamental civil and political rights. Since 2005, the ruling party’s dominance of the political landscape, repression of political opposition parties and restrictions on media and civil society have only increased.

Under Secretary Sherman’s comments are baffling to any observer of developments in Ethiopia and contradict the assessments of human rights organizations and even other governments. Her statements also undermine the courageous work of those pushing for a freer Ethiopia, many of whom are now imprisoned for exercising their fundamental human rights.”

From its inception, the TPLF dominated government was determined to rule Ethiopia by manipulating one group against another. For example, in its early days, it encouraged Muslims to demean and fight  Christians. It bifurcated the Ethiopian Orthodox Church and politicized its spiritual leadership: we now have two synods, one in Ethiopia and another abroad. The government instigated the burning of more than 30 Churches. In one case, a local church hosting Sunday Church services was burned to the ground while people were praying. Over the past three years, the Ethiopian government began an all-out assault on members and leaders of the Muslim faith. More specifically, Ethiopian members of the Muslim faith have been persecuted, beaten, harassed and several of them killed by government security forces only for demanding the realization of their fundamental and constitutional rights of religious freedom and for voicing against the imposition of an 'Islamic' sect on their community imported from outside. Their leaders who initially represented them in the negotiations with the Ethiopian government have been languishing in jail without justice for the past three years. Spiritual leaders and members of this two major faiths wish to coexist with one another as they have done for 1,400 years. The Ethiopian government has a constitutional obligation on non-interference in the affairs of both religions.

On April 21, 2015, CPJ reported that “Eritrea and Ethiopia are the most censored nations in the world.” Last year, CPJ reported “A state crackdown on independent publications and bloggers in Ethiopia this year more than doubled the number of journalists imprisoned to 17, from seven the previous year, and prompted several journalists to flee into exile.” In 2014, the U.S. Department of State reported that Ethiopia is a  source and destination for men, women and children “subjected to forced labor and sex trafficking.” Ethiopian girls as young as 8 years of age are subjected to “domestic servitude throughout the Middle East, as well as in the Sudan and South Sudan.” This and other reports indicate that “The central market in Addis Ababa is home to the largest collection of brothels in Africa.”

Mr. President,

The vast majority of Ethiopians, most born after the current government took power in 1991 are robbed of their dignity in two ways: they are not free to demand justice or to find employment at home; and they  face uncertain and degrading conditions when they leave their homes in search of opportunities abroad.

The beheading and wholesale massacre of 30 Ethiopian Christians by ISIS/Libya because of their faith and nationality attests to debilitating poverty and repression at home. Petrol bombing of Ethiopians and other killings in South Africa reinforce the primary reason why they leave Ethiopia in the first place. According to Yemeni government sources and the International Organization for Migration (IOM) one million Ethiopian refugees are trapped in war torn Yemen. Many have been killed and a large number have been wounded. In November 2013, the Government of Saudi Arabia expelled 163,000 Ethiopians.

In the aftermath of the slayings in Libya, hundreds of thousands of Ethiopians across the globe mourned and prayed for the dead and questioned the legitimacy of their own government accusing it that it does not

defend their rights and denies them freedom, justice and opportunities. Protesters lamented on their slogans, “Do we have a government that cares? Where is it and what does it stand for?” The Minister of Foreign Affairs acknowledged that among the culprits were Ethiopian “human traffickers” who make millions. “You (traffickers) have blood in your hands.” There was no acknowledgement that the government itself is the primary driver of the injustice. His rhetorical question, “Haven’t you had enough? Don’t you  have feelings for your fellow brothers and sisters?” begs the question if Ethiopians do not deserve a change in government and leadership now. Contrary to Ms. Sherman’s assertions, the government responded to expression of dissent by arresting hundreds of protestors who belong to the Blue Party under the pretext of inciting unrest.

During the peaceful demonstrations, the Ethiopian government instructed federal police and security agents to beat up and club peaceful protestors grieving for the dead and demanding answers and accountability. Beyond the symbolic rhetoric and call for three days of national mourning, the governing                           party shows no sign of letting up its repressive deeds against peaceful protestors. Even at a time of national humiliation and mourning the Ethiopian government considers any peaceful dissent, criticism of the government and protest for justice and accountability, the rule of law and democracy as a form of “terrorism.” Ethiopia has one of the highest populations of political prisoners in the world. The draconian 2009 Anti-Terrorism and Charities and Societies Proclamations, that the U.S. Department of State had identified as blunt instruments to suppress dissent are still intact.

Mr. President,

Ethiopians “are shackled by debilitating poverty “and mal-distribution of incomes and wealth as well as by draconian laws that keep them trapped. There is no single independent institution left to speak on their behalf. In “Journalism is not a crime” January 22, 2015, Human Rights Watch reported as follows. “The Ethiopian government’s systematic repression of independent media has created a bleak landscape for free expression ahead of the May 2015 general elections. In the past year, six privately owned publications closed after government harassment; at least 22 journalists, bloggers and publishers were criminally charged, and more than 30 journalists fled the country in fear of being arrested under repressive laws.” Clearly, they can’t play any role in the May elections, in defending human rights or in reporting about the massive corruption and illicit outflow of funds that are bleeding the country.

“In Ethiopia, a Chilling Message” April 21, 2015, the Washington Post highlighted the plight of the Zone 9 bloggers arrested during Secretary of State John Kerry’s visit to Ethiopia last year. The U.S. Department of State “criticized the Ethiopian high court’s decision in January to proceed with the trial saying that it “undermines a free and open media environment.” Their case illustrates the enormous hurdles the new generation of Ethiopians face in demanding their rights and freedoms that the U.S. and other Western democracies say are essential in lifting people out of poverty and oppression. The Ethiopian government continues to refuse to practice provisions of human rights contained in its own constitution. “Ethiopia is a multiparty democracy on paper” only. Currently, the “ruling party controls all but one seat in Parliament.” The façade of “free, fair and credible” multiparty elections this coming May won’t change this preponderance. The ruling party has preselected numerous parties to compete to give the one-party state a false sense of “multiparty-democracy.” Perhaps, it will win less than 99 percent of the votes against a higher percentage in the last election.

Mr. President,

We take your word and the commitment of the United States that the advancement of human freedom enshrined in the rule of law is critical for durable peace, stability, sustainable and equitable development. Free, independent and prosperous people are more likely to defend themselves and their countries against terrorism than people who are oppressed and marginalized by their own governments. Ethiopia’s federal police and judicial system is heavily politicized. The World Economic Forum rated Ethiopia 2.7 out of “a best possible score of 7” of its judicial system. This rating converges with other low scores including Freedom House’s latest rating of Ethiopia as among the “least free in the world.” The Ethiopian government  dismisses these ratings as unacceptable. “The Ethiopian government has rejected criticism from Western governments and human rights groups about the handling of the Bloggers” and other cases including massive displacements of indigenous people from their ancestral lands.

Mr. President,

We feel deeply that the criminalization of freedom of the press, civil society and political pluralism is against the long-term interests of the Ethiopian and American people and should not be given a stamp of approval for short term gains. We recognize, acknowledge and support the notion that terrorism in the  Horn of Africa poses an existential threat to countries in the region, the U.S. and the World; and should be stopped. We respectfully disagree that the way to deter terrorism is by terrorizing innocent people by their own government. This is the case in Ethiopia.

Mr. President,

By declaring Ethiopia a democratic state, Ms. Sherman has given credence to Ethiopia’s oppressive government. Her statement and position on behalf of the U.S. government goes against documentary evidence of recurring and gross human rights violations, decimation of civil society and free press, suppression of religious freedom, complete closure of political and social space and unbearable socioeconomic life for the vast majority of the Ethiopian people, degrading human trafficking and an unprecedented level of human exodus of young girls and boys that leave Ethiopia at a rate unheard of in the country’s history. The Ethiopian government estimates that each day 1,500 young Ethiopians leave the country legally and another 3,500 through human smuggling. The mathematics of more than one million Ethiopian youth fleeing from Ethiopia depicts poor, exclusionary and oppressive governance. Ethiopia’s youth see no hope in their own country’s future. All countries that are genuine democracies make every effort to meet the aspirations and hopes of their people. They create jobs job and other opportunities so that the country does not hemorrhage from the loss of its human capital.

There is not a shred of evidence to support Ms. Sherman’s contention that “Ethiopia is a democracy and that the current election is free, fair and credible.” Her statement is not shared by the vast majority of the Ethiopian people. Nor do we believe that it is widely shared by the American people or the government of the United States. We do not know the basis of her contention that “Every time there is an election it gets better and better.” The statement demeans the Ethiopian people and harms America’s long-term interests not only in Ethiopia but also in the rest of Africa. Ethiopia’s conditions are worse today than they were five years ago. Furthermore, her boisterous approval of the government is contradicted by the Department of State that had reported on January 29, 2015 as follows: “In recent years, the Ethiopian government has taken steps to restrict political space for the opposition through intimidation and harassment, tighten its control over civil society, and curtail the activities of independent media.”

Mr. President,

Relations between the American and Ethiopian people span more than 100 years; and will endure for hundreds of years regardless of regime change. Accordingly, we urge you and the government of the United States that you lead to stand firm on the side of freedom, justice, equality, the rule of law and democracy for all of the Ethiopian people.

We genuinely believe that America’s lasting contribution to Ethiopia and the rest of Africa is its unbridled commitment to promote America’s core values of good governance, the rule of law, equitable access to social and economic opportunities, advancement of civil society, independent and free media and political pluralism; and not to shore-up, give accolades to, bankroll and give a stamp of approval to one the most repressive and oppressive governments in the world.

Accordingly, we urge you, Mr. President, to instruct the Secretary of State John Kerry to rescind MS. Sherman’s wrongful and harmful statement at the earliest opportunity.

On our part, we will work hard to advance the causes of peace, national reconciliation, freedom, the rule of law and democracy in our ancestral land. As Ethiopians and Ethiopian-Americans, we believe our voices should be heard.

We thank you for your understanding and attention to this urgent matter.

 

Ethiopian Border Affairs Committee (EBAC)

Ethiopian National Transitional Council (ENTC)

Ethiopian People’s Congress for United Struggle (Shengo)

Ethiopian Youth National Movement (EYNM)

United Ethiopian Muslims Peaceful Movement Support Group (UEM-PMSG)

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እየከፋ በመጣው የሰብዓዊ መብት ረገጣ ላይ የወጣ የጋራ አቋምና መግለጫ

«ለውጥ በማይቆም ተሽከርካሪ የሚጓዝ አይደለም፤ የተከታታይ ትግል ውጤት ነው። ነጻነት የምንፈልግ ሁሉ ጀርባችንን ቀና አድርገን መታገል አለብን። ራሳችን ካልፈቀድንለትና ካልተሸማቀቅን፤ ማንም ሰው እንደ ከብት ሊጋልበን ከቶ አይችልም” ነበር ያሉት ዶር ማርቲን ሉዘር ኪንግ ጁኔር ።

በማንኛውም አገር ቢሆን፣  ነጻ የሆነ የዜና አገልግሎት የማያገኝ፤ ተቆርቋሪ የፖለቲካ ወይንም የማህበረሰብ ወይንም የሲቪክ ድርጅት እና በነጻነት የሚንቀሳቀስ የመገናኛ ብዙሃን አገልግሎች የሌለው  ሕዝብ መብት የለውም። መብቱ በመንግሥት የተከለከለ ግለሰብ ሆነ ቡድን፤ ማህበረሰብ ሆነ ሕብረተሰብ ዘላቂነትና ፍትሃዊነት ያለው እድገት አይጎናፀፍም።

ሕወሃት/ኢሕአዴግ ለሃያ አራት ዓመታት በበላይነት ሲገዛት የቆየችዋ ኢትዮጵያችን  ፍትህ፤ ነጻነት፤ ሰብአዊ መብት፤ የሕግ የበላይነት  የማይታይባትና  አምባገነናዊ ስርዓት የሰፈነባት ሃገር ሆናለች። ምንም እንኳን ኢትዮጵያ የመድበል ፓርቲ ስርዓት የምትከተል መሆኗ በሕግ መንግስቱ ቢደነገግም፣ በተግባር የታየው ግን ከገዝው ሕወሃት/ኢሕአዴግ ነጻ የሆኑ ድርጅቶችን ሁሉ የማጥፋት ሂደት ነው። የአገሪቷን ሕግ ሆነ የምርጫ ቦርድን አሰራር  በጣሰ መልኩ፣ በቅርቡ በአገሪቷ ጠንካራ የሚባለውን የአንድነት ለዲሞክራሲና ለፍትህ ፓርቲ (አንድነት)  አመራርን በማገድ ራሱ ያቋቋማቸዉን ተለጣፊ መሪወች መሾሙ፣ ሕወሃት/ኢሕአዴግ  በምርጫ የማያምንና፣ ብቻውን ለሚቀጥሉት ሃያ፤ ሰላሳ አመታት በጉልበት ለመግዛት እንደወሰነ አመላካች ነው። የዜጎችን የመደራጅትና የመሰባሰብ ሰባአዊ መብትም የረገጠ ነው።

በአንድነት ፓርቲ ላይ ከታየው የሕወሃት/ኢሕአዴግ ያገጠጠ ኢፍትሃዊ እርምጃ በተጨማሪ፣ በሌሎች የፖለቲካና የሲቪክ ማሀብራት ላይ አፈናዉና የመብት ረገጣው ተባብሷል፡፡በህጋዊነት የሚንቀሳቀሱ ድርጀቶች ሁሉ ህልውናቸው አደጋ ላይ ነው። ዜጎችን ሕገ መንግሥቱ በሚፈቅደው መሰረት ሰላማዊ ሰልፍ ሲያደርጉ ይደበደባሉ። ጋዜጠኞች የሰባዊ መብት ተሟጋቾች፣ የሃይማኖት መሪዎች ይታሰራሉ።

ሕወሃት/ኢሕአዴግ  በሚያራምዳቸው የተሳሳቱ የኢኮኖሚ ፖሊሲዎች ዜጎች  ባስከፊ በድህነት እና የኑሮ ዉድነት ስቃይ ዉስጥ እንዲዘፌቁ አድርጓቸዋል። የስራ እድል ማጣት፤ የተፈጥሮ ሃብት ከኢትዮጵያዊያን ተነጥቆ ለጥቂቶች ሃብት ማካበቻ መሆን፤ የጎሳ አድልዎ፤ ጉቦ፤ ሙስና፤ በብዙ ቢሊዮን የሚቆጠር ገንዘብ ከሕግ ውጭ ማሸሽ፤ በኢትዮጵያዉያን መካከል ስርዓት ወለድ የሆነ የጎሳና የኃይማኖት መለያየት በአገራችን ትልቅ ቀዉስን እና ዉስጣዊ አለመረጋጋትን ፈጥሯል። ከመቼዉም ጊዜ በላይ አገራችን ትልቅ አደጋ ላይ ትገኛለች።

መንግስት የሕዝብ አገልጋይ ሊሆን ይገባዋል። ህወሃት/ኢሕአዴጎች ግን በመንግስት ወንበር ላይ ተቀምጠው ህዝብን ማገለገል ሳይሆን ህዝቡን እየከፋፈሉትእና  እያሰቃዩት ነው። ለሃያ አራት አመታት በህዝብ እና በሀገር ላይ እጅግ ብዙ በደል ፈጽመዋል።  ይህን ለማስቆም ኢትዮጵያዉያን ቆርጠንና  ደፍረን፣  አገር አቀፍ በሆነ ደረጃ መነሳት ይኖርብናል። በውጭና በውስጥ የምንገኘው ለውጥ እና ፍትህ ፈላጊ  ኃይላት፣ አብረን ተባብረን መስራት ግዴታችን ሆኗል። ሕወሃት የሚፈልገው በየተራ ለማጥቃት እንዲያመቸው በተናጥል የሚደረግን  ትግል ነው። ትግሉ የመኖር ያለመኖር፤  የህልውና ጉዳይ ስለሆነ አብሮ ተያይዞ መነሳት የወቅቱ መሪ ጥያቄ ነው።

እኛ ስማችን ከዚህ በታች የተዘረዘረው ስብስቦች እንደዚህ ያለ ተከታታይ ግፍ በኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ ላይ ሲካሄድ በአንድ ላይ ድምፃችን ማሰማት ግዴታችን ነው እንላለን። ስለሆነም፤

  1. በቅርቡ የአንድነት ፓርቲ አመራር አባላትን ህገወጥ በሆነ መንገድ የገዝው ቡድን መሳሪያ በሆነው የምርጫ ቦርድ አማካንነት ከሀላፊነታቸው በግዳጅ አባሮ በአባላት ያልተመረጠ ግለስብ በመሪነት መሾሙን አጥብቀን እናወግዛለን። ለዚህ በስርአቱ ለተሾመ ግለሰብም፣ እውቅና የማንሰጥ ሲሆን ሁሉም ኢትዮጵያዊ ትብብር እንዲነፍገው እንጠይቃለን። የተለጣፊው ቡድንም፣ ሊወድቅ የተቃረበን የግፍ አገዛዝ ለማገለገል በወሰዳቸው አሳፋሪ ተግባራትም ተጠያቂ እንደሚሆን ለማሳሰብ እንወዳለን።
  2. ስርአቱ በመኢአድ የውስጥ ጉዳይ ጣልቃ በመግባትና በቀጣይ የከፋፋይነት ስራ ድርጅቱን ለማዳከም የሚያካሂደውን ሁሉ ተገንዝበናል። ይህ የገዥው እኩይ ተግባር እውን የሚሆነው በከፊል በድርጅቱ ውስጥ ያሉትን ችግሮች በመመካከር ማስወገድ ሳይቻል ሲቀርና ለገዥው ቡድንም ጣልቃ መግባት መንግድ ሲከፍት እንደሆነ በመገንዘብ፣ ሁሉም የድርጅቱ መሪወችና አባላት ውስጠ ድርጅት ቅራኔወችን በውስጥ አሰራር፣ በመቻቻል፣ በሆደሰፊነትና በተለመደ ሀገራዊ ጨዋነት በመፍታት ሁሉም የድርጅቱ አባላት እንዲሰባሰቡና ታሪካዊ ሀላፊነታቸውን በጋራ እንዲወጡ  እናበረታታለን።
  3. ገዥው ቡድን በአንድነት ፓርቲ ላይ የማፈራረስ እርምጃ ሲወስድ የድርጅቱ አባላት ፣ ተስፋ ቆርጠው፣ ትግሉን እርግፍ አድርገው እንዲያቆሙ ወይም ሀገር ጥለው እንዲሰደዱ ለማድረግ ነው። ይህን በማድረግም አላንዳች ተቀናቃኝ ሁሉንም ተቆጣጥሮ በህዝባችን እና በሀገራችን ላይ የጀመረውን የግፍ አገዛዝ ለመቀጠል ነው። ሆኖም ሁላችንም እንደተመለከትነው አፍራሹን ህወሀት/ኢህአዴግን በሚያሳፍር ለውጥ ፈላጊውን ደግሞ በሚያኮራ መልክ በአዲስ አበባም ሆነ በክልል ያሉ በዛ አሉ የአንድነት አባላት አሁንም ትግሉን ለመቀጠል ወደ ሰማያዊ ፓርቲ እየተቀላቀሉ መሆናቸውን እንገነዘባለን። በዚህ እጅግ ፈታኝ በሆነ ሰዓት ከድርጅት በላይ ሀገርንና ነጻነትን በማሰቀደም በወሰዱት ቆራጥ እርምጃ ያለንን አድናቆት እየገለጥን ወደ ሰማያዊ ያልተቀላቀሉ ጥቂት የአንድነት አባላትም የአንድነትና የዴሞክራሲ ሀይሎችን በመቀላቀል ትግላቻውን እንዲቀጥሉ እናበረታታለን።
  4. ሁሉም የአንድነትና የዴሞክራሲ ሀይሎች የህወሀት/ኢህአዴግን ቀጣይ አፈና መቋቋም የሚቻለው ተነታጥሎ ሳይሆን በጋራ በመቆም እንደሆነ በመገንዘብ አሁንም ትብብራቸውን አጠናክርው ትግላቸውን እንዲቀጥሉ እናሳስባለን። በአፋኙ የህወሀት/ኢህአዴግ ስርአት ስር ለሀገር አንድነት፣ለህዝብ መብት መከበርና ግፈኛውና ከፋፋይ ስርአት ተደምስሶ በምትኩ ለህዝብ ሙሉ መብት መከበር፣ ለሀገር እንድነትና፣ ዴሞክራሲያዊ ህገ መንግስታዊ ስርአትን ለመመስረት ለሚደረገው ትግል ያለንን አጋርነት በጋራ እናረጋግጣለን።

ነጻነት ዋጋ ያስከፍላል። ነጻነት ስለተመኘናት አትመጣም። የኛ እጅ ለእጅ መያያዝና መተባበር የአምባገነኖች ፍጻሜ መጀመርያ ነው። በመሆኑም በተጨበጡ ሥራዎች ዙሪያ ትብብራችንን እያጠናከረን፣ አገር ቤት ለሚደረገው ትግል ሙሉ ድጋፍ እያሳየን፣ የኢትዮጵያ ህዝብ አካል እንደመሆናችን የህዝባችን ነጻነት እስኪያረጋግጥ ከመቼውም ጊዜ በላይ ሳንታክት በጽናት የምንታገል ስለመሆናችን ቃል ኪዳናችንን እናድሳለን።

  1. የሴቶች  የሰብዓዊ መብት ድርጅት
  2. የኢትዮጵያ ሽግግር ምክር ቤት
  3. የሰማያዊ ድጋፍ ማሀበራት
  4. የአንድነት የስዊዱን ድጋፍ ማህበር
  5. የአንድነት የለንደን ድጋፍ ማሀብር
  6. የኢትዮጵያ ድንበር ጉዳይ ኮሚቴ
  7. ሞዓ አንበሳ
  8. ጋሻ ለኢትዮጰያ የሲቪክ ድርጅት
  9. ኢትዮጰያዊነት የሲቪክ ድርጅት
  10. ኢትዮ ሶሊዳሪቲ ሚኔሶታ
  11. የአንድነት የሰሜን አሜሪክ የሚልዮኖች ድምጽ ለነጻና ፍትሀዊ ምርጫ ኮሚቴ
  12. የኢትዮጵያ ህዝብ የጋራ ትግል ሽንገፐ (በስሩ የሚገኙት አባል ድርጅቶች ሁሉ)

የኢትዮጵያ ሕዝባዊ አብዮታዊ ፓርቲ (ዴሞክራሲያዊ)

የኢትዮጵያ መድህን ዲሞክራሲያዊ ፓርቲ (መድህን)

ትግራይ ዴሞክራሲያዊ ትብብር (ትዴት)

መላ ኢትዮጵያ ሶሻሊስት ንቅናቄ (መ.ኢ.ሶ.ን)

የኢትዮጵያ ሲቪክ ማህበራት ስብስብ በእንግሊዝ ሀገር

የኢትዮጵያ የፖለቲካ እስረኞች አንድነት ኮሚቴ በካናዳ (ሶሴፕ ካናዳ)

ኢትዮጵያ ሲቪል ኅብረተሰብ ደጋፊዎች በለንደን ኦንታሪዮ

የኢትዮጵያውያን የሲቪክ ሊግ በዳላስ

ኢትዮ-ካናዳ የዲሞክራሲ መድረክ በኦታዋ

ዲሞክራሲ ለኢትዮጵያ ፎረም ሳን ሆሴ

ብሩኅ ኢትዮጵያ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ንቅና

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Ethiopia’s Sovereign Bond or Sovereign Bondage

A position paper from the Ethiopian People’s Congress for United Struggle (SHENGO)

February 1, 2015

The Ethiopian people are being bled dry. No matter how hard they try to fight their way out of absolute destitution and poverty, they will be swimming against the current of illicit capital leakage.” Global Financial Integrity

Introduction 

This position paper on Ethiopia’s Sovereign Bond, whose modified title reflects our concerns, is sponsored by the Ethiopian People’s Congress for United Struggle (SHENGO). For ease of reference and to provide the reader with the context and implications of the Bond, the paper contains four parts.

Part I presents the political and socioeconomic context, including unprecedented ruling party sponsored and condoned corruption and illicit outflow of capital against which the pros and cons of the Bond must be gauged. We suggest that Ethiopia’s problem is not the lack of foreign exchange. It is the lack of accountable, representative and responsible governance. Ethiopia’s growth model is based on creating unprecedented wealth for a few who wield political power. This means, more foreign exchange would mean more wealth for the privileged few and deepening poverty for the majority. On January 13, 2015, Ethiopia this Week quoted the Reporter, a government controlled media, that in 2014, the Commercial Bank of Ethiopia collected $5.5 billion from foreign exchange dealers. “The lead firms which collected more than $1 million each were commended for their contributions.” One single firm, “Western Union alone collected $450 million.” The bulk of collections come from commodity exports. “Oil seeds and related accounting for 17.1 percent, coffee for 11.5 percent, meat products for 12.6 percent, fruits and vegetables for 8.7 percent.” Despite billions in foreign exchange earnings, people in urban areas are unable to buy staples at reasonable prices. The rural population is unable to buy manufactured goods. In short, the urban and rural population is in the same boat, “bleeding” and wondering if there is “light at the end of the tunnel.”  A lot of Birr whose purchasing power has been diminished through continuous devaluation is chasing limited supplies. The structure of the economy remains almost the same. Earnings from exports show that Ethiopia has not diversified its economy. Manufactured and industrial exports are almost nil.

A UN University study, WIDER Working Paper 2013 entitledAid, Accountability, and InstitutionBuilding in Ethiopia 2013/083 confirms that between 1991 and 2012, the Ethiopian government received $40 billion in Official Development Assistance (ODA) alone. ODA has risen to $4 billion a year since 2014. ODA has contributed significantly to poverty reduction; but has not changed the fundamental structure of the Ethiopian economy. A great deal of the money has also been either misused or pilfered out of the country in the form of illicit outflow. Ethiopia today is the largest ODA recipient in Africa and the largest humanitarian aid, especially food, in the world.  In addition, Ethiopia receives billions in Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and billions more in remittances (both official and unofficial) and billions in humanitarian aid each year. No one really knows the exact amount of the inflow or outflow. The sum total of this is a staggering amount of foreign exchange that has not made a dent in alleviating endemic poverty, generating employment and transforming the structure of the economy. We are cognizant that each year, Ethiopia loses at least $3 billion in illicit outflow of capital that “bleeds” the society perpetually....... Read Full Document

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An Appeal to the AID and Diplomatic Community in Ethiopia

Subject: Support Human Rights & Free and Fair Elections; Speak out Against the Decimation of Independent Opposition Parties by Ethiopia’s Election Board

February 2, 2015

Shengo believes Ethiopia’s 100 million people demand, and more importantly, deserve a free and fair election. However, the machinations by the ruling party of dismantling competitive opposition parties and replacing them with politically manufactured pseudo-opposition groups that are completely loyal to 

The Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) that dominates the Ethiopian Peoples’ Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) is reprehensible and totally unacceptable. This machination will lead to civil unrest and instability immediately after the ruling party declares victory. Over the past several months, the TPLF/EPRDF has used the country’s Election Board as a political tool to penetrate, harass, subvert and dismantle multiethnic opposition parties with country-wide appeal. The All Ethiopia Unity Party (AEUP), the Unity, Democracy and Justice Party (UDJ) and the new youth-led Green or Semayawi Party are victims of this deliberate and well calculated dismemberment and disenfranchisement campaign. The TPLF/EPRDF has used Election Board that it dominates and runs to establish pseudo replacements that are subservient and adjunct to the ruling party. It is largely these parties and the TPLF/EPRDF that will participate in the election. The outcome is therefore predictable. This is a sham.

As part of the power consolidation process before the election next May, peaceful protests allowed under the Constitution and initiated by the UDJ and Semayawi have been suppressed and disbanded. Peaceful protestors including the elderly, girls and boys, party leaders and members have been whipped and beaten in broad day light in front diplomats. Many are in jail. A 70 year old mother attending church service were among those maimed by Federal and municipal police.

Shengo expresses its outrage concerning this recurrent abrogation of human rights, the rule of law and justice at a time when the country should be preparing to listen to alternative political voices. The ongoing onslaught is intended to pave the way for total electoral win by the TPLF/EPRDF. Sadly for the Ethiopian people, the competition will be confined to the ruling party and its pre-screened, vetted and anointed parties. In effect, the TPLF/EPRDF will compete against itself. The goal is 100 percent victory.

Shengo urges the donor and diplomatic community to reject the ruling party’s pretentious position that there will be a free and fair election in Ethiopia and that there are independent parties willing to compete. This is entirely untrue. A free and fair election is untenable because genuine opposition parties have been decimated. There is no single independent press; and independent journalists are either in jail or have fled in droves. Civil society has been crushed. The media is dominated by the party and state. As Human Rights Watch, Amnesty International, Oakland Institute, the Committee to Protect Journalists and others have shown, the level of repression is unprecedented. The hope that there will be greater political space after the passing of Prime Minister Meles Zenawi, the strongman who led Ethiopia for more than 20 years has been shattered. Ethiopia is more polarized today than it was during the 2005 elections. Public confidence in the electoral and institutional processes has reached an all time low.

In Shengo’s estimation, this recurring repression and suffocation of basic human rights inflicted on all segments of Ethiopian society will not stop the popular momentum for justice, genuine equality under the law and representative governance in Ethiopia. On the contrary, Ethiopia’s youth is more determined and committed to democratic change today than it was 5 years ago. Harassments, jailings, killing, persecutions, forced migration out of the country etc. are unlikely to stop the momentum. Equally, opposition parties that have been disbanded will use the current opportunity as a game changer and will emerge stronger. In short, the TPLF/EPRDF is most likely to contribute to the formation of a more cohesive, durable, purposeful, wise, strategic and collaborative and nationally oriented opposition. We therefore urge opposition groups within and outside Ethiopia to set aside minor differences, reach out to and support one another and focus on the future of the country and the prosperity of all Ethiopians.

Shengo believes that the TPLF/EPRDF is not capable of resolving Ethiopia’s myriad of problems---the high cost of living, unemployment and underemployment, income and social inequality, the misuse of the country’s natural resources including farmlands and waters, mineral resources, the plight of women, bribery, nepotism, corruption and illicit outflow of capital—etc. These national problems can be solved only through a just, fair, rule of law based and democratic government in which all stakeholders will have a say. It will take all Ethiopians to solve these intractable problems and propel the country to peace and prosperity.

Given Ethiopia’s high dependency on foreign development and humanitarian aid, the donor and diplomatic community has a special moral responsibility to advance a democratic alternative rather than to continue shoring up a government that has lost legitimacy among the vast majority of Ethiopians.  Shengo believes genuinely that Ethiopia’s interests and the interests of the global community are compatible. A just, democratic, unified and prosperous Ethiopia is in the interest of Western and African democracies. It will serve as a beacon of hope not only for the Horn but also for the rest of Africa. But, this won’t happen unless there is a concerted and genuine effort on the part of the global community.

In light of the dire situation facing Ethiopia and its 100 million people, we urge the donor and diplomatic community to give teeth by speaking out publicly and privately now on the following concrete and urgent issues:

1. Speak out both in private and in public against Election Board interferences in the electoral process and the legitimate functioning of multiethnic opposition parties

2. Establish an independent commission consisting of notable Ethiopians and foreign expert advisors to investigate government crackdowns, recent killings, unwarranted arrests and persecutions of peaceful  dissenters throughout the country and bring those responsible for “crimes against humanity” and other killings to justice

3. Open political space for all opposition groups and allow opposition parties to move freely, raise funds, establish offices, campaign and present their programs to constituents without harassment and intimidation

4. Free all political prisoners including journalists, bloggers and democratic, social and political activists and leaders and members of the opposition without preconditions and without delay. This will restore public confidence in the electoral process and mitigate risks. It will also avert civil conflict

5. Reconstitute the Election Board and ensure that it is free, impartial and independent of governing party control

6. Free the judiciary system from party control and empower it to perform its functions impartially and independently

7. Provide opposition parties free and equal accesses to government controlled media

8. Disallow federal police, security and defense forces from interfering in the electoral process

 9. Urge the Ethiopian government to allow foreign and Ethiopian human rights groups to operate in Ethiopia freely

10. Ask the Ethiopian government to accept and engage international and domestic election observers to monitor the electoral process and resolve electoral disputes consistent with international standards, and

11. Urge the Ethiopian government to extend the election by several months to give opposition groups to reconstitute themselves, establish offices and campaign vigorously.

                  

Sincerely,

February 2, 2015

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