የኢትዮጵያ ህዝብ የጋራ ትግል ሸንጎ [ሸንጎ] ኦፊሴላዊ ድረ ገፅ

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ላለፉት ሃያ አምስት ዓመታት ሥልጣኑን በጉልበት ወስዶ፣ የሕዝቡን መብት  ገፎ፣  ያገሪቱን ሃብትና ንብረት የሚዘርፈው ቡድን ሥልጣኑና አድራጎቱ ዝንተ-ዓለማዊ  እንደማይሆን ከወደቁትና  ከተወገዱት  ተመሳሳይ  መንግሥታት  ታሪክ  ገና  አልተማረም።  ከፋፍዬ እኖራለሁ የሚለው ስልቱ እየተጋለጠ በየአቅጣጫው በሕዝብ ተቃውሞ  እየተዋከበ  ይገኛል። ወደ ታሪክ መቃብር የሚገባበት ቀን እያጠረ መጥቷል። አሁን በጎንደር ቀደም ሲል በሸዋ,በተለያዩ  ያኦሮሚያ  ክልል  አካባቢወች  በጋምቤላና  በሌሎቹም  ያገሪቱ  ክፍሎች የተነሳው ሕዝባዊ አመፅ  ይህን  የሚያመላክቱና  ውድቀቱን  የሚያፋጥኑ  ተቃውሞዎች ናቸው።
የአሁኑን የሕዝብ ተቃውሞ ከሌላው ጊዜ የተለየ የሚያደርገው ባዶ እጁን ከፀጥታ ኃይሎች ጋር በአደባባይ የሚያደርገው ትግል አሁን እንደ ፀጥታ ኃይሎቹ በመሣሪያ የተደገፈ ትግል የሚካሄድ መሆኑ ነው። መንግሥት ተብየው ትዕቢተኛና ጎሰኛ  ቡድን  ለሌላው  ዜጋ  ብቻ ሳይሆን እወክለዋለሁ የሚለውን  የትግራይ  ሕዝብ፣  በኢትዮጵያዊነቱ  ኮርቶ  በፈለገው የአገሪቱ መሬት ሠርቶ ማደር እንዳይችል እስረኛ ከማድረጉም በላይ ባላስፈላጊ  ግጭት ውስጥ ገብቶ  ደሙን  እንዲያፈስላቸው  የጥላቻና  የሽብር  ፕሮፓጋንዳ  በመርጨት  ላይ ይገኛል። የትግራይ ተወላጅ በሚረጨው የጥላቻ ቅስቀሳ ሳይታለል በስሙና በልጆቹ  ደም ሥልጣን ላይ ያሉትን የበለጸጉ አምባገነኖች ማስወገድ ይጠበቅበታል።  ለዘመናት  ከሌሎቹ ወገኖቹ ጋር ተባብሮና ነፃነቷን አስከብሮ የኖረችውን አገር አሁንም ተባብሮ ድንበሯን እየቆረሰ ለባዕዳን የሚሰጠውን ወንጀለኛና አገር አጥፊ ቡድን በቃህ ሊለው ይገባል።  ዳር ድንበሯን ለማስከበር እምቢ ላገሬ ብሎ መነሳት፣  በወገኖቹ  ጋር  አላስፈላጊ  ግጭት  ፈጥሮ ደም ከመቃባት፣ ደም ሊያቃባው የሚጥረውን ቡድን ከሥልጣኑ ሊያስወግደው በሚችለው ሕዝባዊ  ትግል  ውስጥ  የድርሻውን  ማበርከት  ይጠበቅበታል።    በአገዛዙ  ዙሪያ  የተሰበሰቡት
 
ለውጥ ፈላጊዎችና አገር ወዳዶች ሰልፋቸውን ከሕዝቡ ጋር ቢያደርጉ ሊደርስባቸው ከሚችለው የህሊና ጸጸት ሊድኑ ይችላሉ።
የሥርዓቱ አገልጋይና ተከታይ የሆነውም ወገን አገሪቱ ያለችበትን ሁኔታና  ሊከሰት የሚችለውን አደጋ አጢኖ ለችግሩ ምክንያት የሆነውን መንግሥት ተብዬ ቡድን ለማስወገድ በሚደረገው ትግል ሊሳተፍ ይገባዋል። ምርጫውን ሊያስተካክል የግድ  ይላል፤ ከሚወድቀው አገዛዝ ጋር አብሮ መውደቅ ወይም ከሚተካው ሕዝባዊ ሥርዓት ጋር አብሮ መነሳት! ሌላ ምርጫ የለም። የመከላከያ ጦርና ፖሊስም የሕዝቡን  ድምፅ  ለማፈንና ሕዝቡን በጦር ለመምታት ከአገዛዙ የሚሰጠውን ትዕዛዝ እንዳይቀበልና ከሕዝቡ ጎን እንዲሰለፍ እናሳስባለን።
የተለያዩት የተቃዋሚ የፖለቲካ ድርጅቶች የእርስ በርስ ንትርክን አቁመው የተቀጣጠለው ትግል በድል እንዲደመደም ተባብረው አመራር ሊሰጡት ይገባል። ትግሉ የአማራ፣ የኦሮሞ፣ የወልቃይት፣ የትግሬ፣ የደቡብ...ወዘተ ከመሆን አልፎ አገራዊ መልክና ዓላማ እንዲይዝ የማድረግ ሃላፊነት እንዳለባቸው አውቀው በዚያ መልክ ሊንቀሳቀሱ ይገባል። በግርግር ክልሌን ይዤ የራሴን መንግሥት እመሠርታለሁ በማለት ለዚያ መታገል አገሪቱን ለበለጠ ቀውስ ይዳርጋታል። የሥርዓቱ ደጋፊ የሆኑት የውስጥ የውጭና ኃይሎች የመጨረሻ የመዳኛ ስልት የወታደራዊ መንግሥት ቦታውን እንዲረከብ ማድረግ ሊሆን እንደሚችል ከግብፅና ከሌሎቹ አገሮች ተመክሮ መማርና መጠንቀቅ ይገባል። ስለዚህም በቀጣይ ጨቋኝና አምባገነን ሥርዓት ሲረገጡ መኖር እንዳይከተል ቅድመ ዝግጅት ማድረግ  ያስፈልጋል።
በየአካባቢው ታምቆ የቆየው ሕዝባዊ ብሶትና  ብቅ እልም ሲል የነበረው ሕዝባዊ ትግል አሁን በጎንደር የተከፈተው የድል በር እንዳይዘጋ  ተባብሮ  መቆም  ይገባዋል።  የጎንደር ሕዝብ እያሳየ ያለው ትግልና መስዋዕትነት የሚደነቅና ሁሉም ኢትዮጵያዊ ከጎኑ ቆሞ አብሮት ሊታገል የሚገባው ነው። ስለሆነም ታጋዩ የአንድነት ኃይል ትግሉን አቀነባብሮ እንዲታገል ጥሪያችንን እናቀርባለን። በዚሁ አጋጣሚም ኢትዮጵያውያን አገዛዙ ሕዝብ ከሕዝብ ጋር እንዲጋጭ ለሚፈጥረው ተንኮልና ሤራ ሰለባ እንዳይሆኑ ጥንቃቄ እንዲደረግ እናሳስባለን።
 
የኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ የጋራ ትግል ሸንጎ (ሸንጎ) አገዛዙ በጎንደር ነዋሪዎች  ላይ  የወሰደውን የኃይል እርምጃና ግድያ በጥብቅ እያወገዘ በመቀጣጠል ላይ ያለው ሕዝባዊ አመጽ ብሶት የወለደው መሆኑን ያምናል፤ ይደግፋል፤ የትግል አጋርነቱንም ይገልጻል። ትግሉ ይበልጥ ፍሬያማና የለውጥ ኃይል እንዲሆን የተያያዘ አመራርና አገር አቀፍ ዓላማ ያለው እንዲሆን ያሳስባል።
የስርአቱ ባለስልጣኖች በህዝብ ላይ የሚያካሂዱት የግፍ ተግባር አሁኑኑ እንዲያቆሙ ፣ አጥብቆ ይጠይቃል። በጎንደር ህይወታቸውን ላጡ ወገኖቻችን   ቤተሰቦች፣  ወዳጅና ዘመዶችም   የተሰማውን ጥልቅ ሀዘን ይገልጣል


ድል ለኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ!

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The Ethiopian authorities must immediately and unconditionally release a prominent opposition politician facing a possible death sentence on trumped-up terrorism charges over comments he posted on Facebook, said Amnesty International.

Yonatan Tesfaye, the spokesman of the opposition Semayawi (Blue) party, was arbitrarily arrested in December 2015 and held in lengthy pre-trial detention for comments he posted on Facebook. The government says his posts against a government plan to extend the capital’s administrative authority to the Oromia region were in pursuit of the objectives of the Oromo Liberation Front (OLF), which it considers a terrorist organization.

“The Ethiopian authorities have increasingly labelled all opposition to them as terrorism. Yonatan Tesfaye spoke up against a possible land grab in Oromia, which is not a crime and is certainly not terrorism,” said Muthoni Wanyeki, Amnesty International’s Director for East Africa, the Horn and the Great Lakes.

“He and many others held under similar circumstances should be immediately and unconditionally released.”

Tesfaye was arbitrarily arrested in December 2015 and held without charge for months on end. It was not until May 4, 2016 that he was charged with “incitement, planning, preparation, conspiracy and attempt” to commit a terrorist act. The state prosecutor charged that Tesfaye’s remarks were in pursuit of the OLF’s objectives.

“Yonatan Tesfaye has no demonstrated links to the OLF. His arrest is just another example of government overreach in the application of its seriously flawed anti-terrorism law. This law is once again being used as a pretext to quash dissent,” said Wanyeki.

The Ethiopian authorities should also promptly, impartially, thoroughly and transparently investigate claims that he may have been tortured or otherwise ill-treated in detention at the Maekelawi Prison, a jail notorious for its widespread use of torture.

 

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(Nairobi) – Ethiopian security forces have killed dozens of protesters since November 12, 2015, in Oromia regional state, according to reports from the region. The security forces should stop using excessive lethal force against protesters........ Read Full Report

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የኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ የጋራ ትግል ሸንጎ(ሸንጎ)፣የመላ ኢትዮጵያ አንድነት ድርጅት(መኢአድ)ና አንድነት ለዴሚክራሲና ለፍትህፓርቲ(አንድነት) በትላንትናው ዕለት ለውህደት  የሚያበቃ የመጀመሪያ ስምምነት በመፈራረማቸው የተሰማውን ታላቅ ደስታና አድናቆት ይገልጣል። 

ዘላቂና አስተማማኝ ሰላም የሰፈነባት፣ የህግ የበላይነት የተረጋገጠባትና የሰብዓዊ መብቶች ሳይሸራረፉ እውን የሚሆንባት፣ በዜጎች እኩልነት ላይ የጸና መሰረት ያላት ዴሞክራሲያዊት ሀገር በጋራ ለመገንባት እንድንችል የስርዓት ለውጥን የሚሹ የተቃዋሚ ድርጅቶች  ሁሉ ጥቃቅን ልዩነቶችን ትተው በመተባበርና አንድ ላይ በመምጣት ህዝባዊ ኃይሉ በአንድነት በመቆም አምባገነናዊነትን በጽናት እንዲታገል ማብቃት ይጠበቅባቸዋል።

ከዚህም አንጻር፣ ውስብስብ ችግሮችን አልፈውና የብቸኛነት ድንበርን ሰብረው በአንድነትና በጋራ ዓላማ መሰለፍን መምረጥ ትልቅ አስተዋይነትና ለወደፊት ጉዞም አስተማማኝ መሰረትን የሚጥል  በመሆኑ በሁለቱ ድርጅቶች በኩል የደረሱበት ቅድመ ውህደት ስምምነትትልቅ ተስፋ ሰጭና  በሁሉም የአንድነትና የዴሞርራሲ ኃይላት ሊበረታታ የሚገባ ነው።  ሌሎቹም በተናጠል እየታገሉ የሚገኙ በኢትዮጵያዊነታቸውና በኢትዮጵያ አንድነት የሚያምኑ ኃይሎች ይህን የመኢአድንና የአንድነትን ፈለግ እንደምሳሌ ወስደው የመተባበርንና የአንድ የመሆንን ጎዳና እንዲመርጡና   አስፈላጊውን እርምጃምሳይዘገዩ እንዲወስዱ  በአንክሮ ለማሳሰብ እንወዳለን።

እንደዚህ ያሉ ሂደቶችእንዳይሳኩበጸረ አንድነት ሃይሎች መሰናክሎች መዘርጋታቸው አይቀሬ ነው።ህወሓት/ኢሕአዴግ   ለሚሸርበውተንኮልና ለሚያደርሰውጉዳት ፣ሳይበገሩ  ያሰቡትን ዓላማ ከግብ ማድረስግን  የጀግንነት ሙያ ነው።

የአንድነትና የመኢአድ አባላትና መሪዎችለገጠማቸው ችግርና የገዥው ቡድን ተጽዕኖ ሳይንበረከኩ ወዳቀዱት የውህደትመጀመሪያ ደረጃ ላይ መድረሳቸው ሊያኮራቸው የሚገባናየሚመሰገኑበት ሲሆን ወደ ዘላቂ ግብ ለመድረስም በሚያደርጉት ጉዞ የበለጠ  መሰናክልና ዕይን ያወጣ አፍራሽ ፈተና ሊገጥማቸው እንደሚችል አውቀው እስካሁን እንዳደረጉት ሁሉ  በድፍረትና በብልሀትየጀመሩትንጉዞበስኬት እንደሚያጠናቅቁ ታላቅ ተስፋችን ነው።

የኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ የጋራ ትግል ሸንጎ (ሸንጎ) ቀደም ሲልም ሆነ አሁንና ወደፊት በተናጠል የቆመው የአንድነትናየዴሞክራሲ ጎራ ተባብሮ በአንድ የጋራ አመራር ስር ተሰልፎ ትግሉን አቀናጅቶ እንዲቀጥል ማድረግ ከተመሰረተባቸውና እውን ለማድረግ  ከፍተኛ ጥረት ከሚያደርግባቸው ዋና ዋና ራዕዮቹውስጥ አንዱ ነው። ስለሆነም፣በመኢአድና በአንድነት መካከል የተጀመረው የውህደት ሂደት ያስደሰተው ሲሆን ከፍጻሜ ደርሶ ለማየት ከፍተኛ ጉጉት አለው።ጅምሩ የተሳካ እንዲሆን ምኞቱን እየገለጸ ለቀጣዩ የትግል ጉዞ አብሮ ለመቆም ያለውን ፍላጎትና አጋርነቱን ከወዲሁ ሊገልጽ ይወዳል።

አንድነታችን ለድላችን ዋስትናችን ነው።

የኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ የጋራ ትግል ሸንጎ(ሸንጎ)

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Nairobi, September 1, 2013--The decision by authorities at Kality Prison to impose visitor restrictions on imprisoned journalist Reeyot Alemu constitutes harassment and runs counter to the Ethiopian constitution, the Committee to Protect Journalists said today.

"We call upon the Ethiopian authorities to lift these latest restrictions and allow Reeyot Alemu to receive all visitors," said CPJ East Africa Consultant Tom Rhodes. "She is a journalist, not a criminal, and should not be behind bars."

Reeyot, a critical columnist of the banned private weekly Feteh, began a hunger strike on Wednesday to protest an order by Kality Prison officials to turn in a list of visitors, according to local journalists and news reports. The officials did not provide an explanation for the request. In retaliation for the hunger strike, authorities forbade her from having any visitors excluding her parents and priest, local journalists said.

Two days later, prison officials said she could receive any visitors except for her younger sister and her fiancé, journalist Sileshi Hagos, the sources said. Sileshi was detained for four hours at the prison later that day when he attempted to visit Reeyot.

Reeyot stopped the hunger strike on Sunday, but decided not to receive any visitors until the restrictions on her fiancé and sister are lifted. The journalist is serving a 14-year prison term on vague terrorism charges that was reduced in August 2012 to five years on appeal.

It was not immediately clear whether the visitor restrictions were in connection with an article published by the International Women's Media Foundation last month that had been written by Reeyot. It is also unclear if the journalist wrote the letter from prison or if this was a translation of an earlier story. In the article, Reeyot criticizes Ethiopia's anti-terrorism law, an overbroad legislation that was used to jail and convict her for her critical coverage of the government.

Kality Prison Director Abraham Wolde-Aregay did not respond to CPJ's calls and text messages for comment. Desalegn Teresa, a spokesman for Ethiopia's Ministry of Justice, did not return CPJ's call for comment.

The denial of rights to Reeyot runs counter to the Ethiopian Constitution, which states: "All persons shall have the opportunity to communicate with, and to be visited by, their spouses or partners, relatives and friends, religious counselors, lawyers and medical practitioners."

In a December 2003 report, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment  stated that prisoners should be "permitted to have contact with, and receive regular visits from, their relatives, lawyers and doctors."The same report stated that "access to the outside world can only be denied on reasonable conditions and restrictions as specified by law or lawful regulations."

This is the second time in six months that the prison administration has put pressure on Reeyot, according to CPJ research. In March, officials threatened to put Reeyot in solitary confinement, according to sources close to her who spoke on condition of anonymity. Officials accused the journalist of indiscipline, according to news reports, a charge she denied.

In a report issued the same month, the United Nations Special Rapporteur determined that the rights of Reeyot under the UN Convention against Torture had been violated on account of the Ethiopian government's failure to respond to allegations of her ill-treatment. Reeyot had complained of mistreatment, and her health had deteriorated while she was held incommunicado in pre-trial detention, reports said.

 

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LONDON — Two new reports published this month say sustainable development in Ethiopia is impossible without a specific focus on human rights. The reports say donor countries should bear responsibility for ensuring their aid money is not used to fuel abuse.

Ethiopia receives billions of dollars in international aid every year. It is money that is used to help improve basic services like access to health and education.

But human-rights campaigners say there also is widespread abuse that takes place in Africa’s second most populous country. And they say donors need to face up to what role their aid money might play in fueling that abuse.

Leslie Lefkow, the deputy director for Human Rights Watch's Africa Division, said, “The Ethiopian government is resettling large numbers of pastoralists and semi-pastoralist communities in the name of better services. But often this resettlement process is accompanied by very serious abuses.”

Human rights groups say so-called “villagization” has been marred by violence, including rapes and beatings, and people are often forced to leave their homes against their will. They also say the new villages lack adequate food, farmland, healthcare and education facilities.
 
Lefkow said the World Bank is turning a blind eye. “In Ethiopia you have several years’ worth of rising concerns of human rights and yet you do not really see that being absorbed in the monitoring and in the practice of donors across the spectrum, so not just the World Bank,” she said.

The World Bank is the world’s top aid donor, with a $30 billion annual budget.

Right now the World Bank is undergoing a review of its safeguard policies, a process that began last year.

Human Rights Watch, a New York-based campaign group, says now is the time for it to commit to respecting and protecting human rights.

“Unlike some of the other international financial institutions, the European development bank and the African development bank, for example, is looking at reviewing some of its policies and explicitly committing to human rights, but the World Bank does not have that, even on paper.”

Another group, the U.S.-based Oakland Institute, published a report last week highlighting donor countries’ roles in alleged Ethiopian abuse.

It said Britain and the United States have ignored abuses taking place in the Omo Valley as the government forces tens of thousands of people from their land.
 
Executive Director Anuradha Mittal of the Oakland Institute, an independent policy think tank, says forced evictions are taking place in order to make way for commercial farming and a major new dam. She says money from donor countries supports the new projects.
 
“There is also support for infrastructure projects such as power lines and the rest, which are linked to the large dams that have been built, for instance, the dam in Lower Omo, which has been built to provide irrigation and electricity to the investors,” she said.

The Ethiopian government says sugar plantations in the region and the new dam, which will be Africa’s largest, are key to bringing energy and development to the country. VOA contacted the government for a reaction on the Oakland Institute report, but did not get a response.
 
Britain’s Department for International Development says its assistance in Ethiopia helps millions.

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July 17, 2013

ADDIS ABABA — Members of a European Parliament human rights delegation have been blocked from visiting an Ethiopian prison, and are concerned about the human rights situation in that nation.
 
On Wednesday, the European Parliament Subcommittee for Human Rights wrapped up a visit to Ethiopia to assess the country's human rights situation. The delegation had a trip scheduled to the infamous Kality prison just outside the capital, Addis Ababa. The facility is known for housing political prisoners in harsh living conditions.

In spite of previous assurances from Ethiopia’s government, however, the group was denied access to the prison Wednesday morning, according to delegation member Jacek Protasiewicz.
 
“We were more than disappointed. Personally I cannot understand the reasons behind it," said Protasiewicz. "Because if you don’t want to show the parliamentarians how people are detained and the conditions in the prisons, it is clearly that something is to be hidden.”

The delegation also was scheduled to meet with a prominent imprisoned journalist, Reeyot Alemu, at the prison.
 
The members of the committee called upon the Ethiopian government to release journalists and opposition members, jailed under Ethiopia's anti-terrorism proclamation.

The European Union (EU) delegation said it believes the proclamation is used arbitrarily. The proclamation has also been criticized by organizations such as Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch.
 
A framework for non-governmental organizations (NGOs), implemented by the Ethiopian government, also is a point of concern for the EU subcommittee. The framework includes rules that say no more than 10 percent of an NGO's funding can come from foreign partners when the organization works in the field of human rights.

The chair of the EU delegation, Barbara Lochbihler, believes the framework makes it difficult for NGOs to work independently.
 
“We strongly encourage the government to give more space on the domestic levels for civil society organizations to operate independently and in a meaningful way. We think the restrictive NGO framework should be urgently revised,” said Lochbihler.

The conclusions of the visit will be presented to the European Parliament. If Ethiopia does not improve its human rights record, it might be complicate the country's trade with the European Union. The EU is considering linking trade policy agreements to other factors, such as human rights.

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Free Jailed Journalists, Allow Media Freedom

(Nairobi) – The Ethiopian government should mark World Press Freedom Day, on May 3, 2013, by immediately releasing all journalists jailed under the country’s deeply flawed anti-terrorism law. On May 2, 2013, the Supreme Court upheld an 18-year sentence under the anti-terrorism law for Eskinder Nega Fenta, a journalist and blogger who received the 2012 PEN Freedom to Write Award.

Eleven journalists have been convicted and sentenced since 2011 under Ethiopia’s repressive anti-terrorism law, including six in absentia. Three of the eleven are currently in prison. Two other journalists are currently on trial under the anti-terrorism law. Another journalist, Temesgen Desalegn, the editor of the now defunct independent magazine Feteh, is on trial for three offenses under the criminal code.

“Ethiopia’s journalists shouldn’t be spending World Press Freedom Day in jail on trumped-up terrorism charges,” said Leslie Lefkow, deputy Africa director at Human Rights Watch. “Freeing these journalists would be an important step toward improving Ethiopia’s deteriorating record on press freedom.”

Since Ethiopia’s anti-terrorism law was adopted in 2009, the independent media have been decimated by politically motivated prosecutions under the law. The government has systematically thwarted attempts by journalists to establish new publications. Blogs and Internet pages critical of the government are regularly blocked, and in 2012 printing houses came under threat for printing publications that criticized the authorities. Mastewal Birhanu, the manager of Mastewal Publishing, for example, was charged under the criminal code for printing the editions of Feteh that were the basis for the charges against Temesgen.

Human Rights Watch has repeatedly raised concerns about the anti-terrorism law’s overly broad definition of “terrorist acts.” The law’s provisions on support for terrorism contain a vague prohibition on “moral support” under which only journalists have been convicted.

One of the three journalists sentenced under the law who remain in prison is Eskinder Nega Fenta, a veteran Ethiopian journalist. He had been detained numerous times, and was sentenced in July 2012 to 18 years in prison for conspiracy to commit terrorist acts, as well as participation in a terrorist organization. Eskinder’s sentence was upheld on appeal on May 2, 2013. The United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention, a panel of independent experts, concluded in November that Eskinder’s imprisonment was arbitrary and “a result of his peaceful exercise of the right to freedom of expression.”

Woubshet Taye Abebe, who is serving a 14-year sentence under the anti-terrorism law, was a winner of the 2012 Hellman-Hammett Award, administered by Human Rights Watch. Woubshet was the deputy editor of the Awramba Times prior to his arrest in 2011.He alleged in court that he was tortured in pretrial detention, as have other defendants detained on terrorism charges. The court did not investigate his complaint.

Reeyot Alemu Gobebo, a journalist for Feteh, was convicted on three counts under the terrorism law for her writings. Her sentence was reduced from 14 years to 5 years on appeal, and she remains in prison. Reeyot was recently awarded the prestigious 2013 UNESCO/Guillermo Cano World Press Freedom Prize. She will miss the May 3 award ceremony in Costa Rica.

Members of the international media have also been charged under the anti-terrorism law. In December 2009, two Swedish journalists, Martin Schibbye and Johan Persson, were convicted for “rendering support to terrorism” and entering the country illegally “to commit an act that is a threat to the well-being of the people of Ethiopia.” They had entered the country without a visa and were arrested while investigating the situation in Ethiopia’s eastern Somali region, site of a longstanding insurgency. They were pardoned and released in September 2012 after more than a year in prison.

“The journalists who have been detained and convicted have one thing in common – they were all exercising their right to freedom of expression, a right guaranteed by the Ethiopian constitution and international law,” Lefkow said.

In 2012 Hailemariam Desalegn became Ethiopia’s prime minister following the death of Meles Zenawi, under whose leadership the country experienced a sharp decline in civil and political rights – including freedom of expression. Hopes that Hailemariam’s government would improve Ethiopia’s record on free expression have been dashed by ongoingarbitrary arrests and detentions of journalists and others.

Since January 2012, members of Ethiopia’s Muslim community have held regular protests in the capital, Addis Ababa, and other towns over alleged government interference in religious affairs. The government has harassed and detained journalists who have reported on these protests. Yusuf Getachew, former editor of the now-defunct Islamic magazine Yemuslimoch Guday, was charged under the anti-terrorism law and is on trial, though the trial is closed to the public. Solomon Kebede, Getachew’s successor at the magazine, was arrested on January 17 and has also been charged under the anti-terrorism law. Prior to charges being bought, Solomon spent more than two months in pre-trial detention at Maekelawi prison in Addis Ababa, which is notorious for torture, without access to legal counsel.

The right to freedom of expression is guaranteed in the Ethiopian constitution, and in numerous African and international conventions, including the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights, which Ethiopia has ratified. In November, Ethiopia was appointed to the United Nations Human Rights Council and as such has made a commitment to uphold “the highest standards of human rights as enshrined in the constitution of the country and in the international and regional human rights treaties that Ethiopia has ratified” – including rights to freedom of expression.

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The Ethiopian government must end its use of repressive tactics against demonstrators, following initial reports of widespread arrests of Muslim protestors during this morning’s Eid al-Fitr celebrations, said Amnesty International today.

“We are extremely concerned at reports coming out of Ethiopia this morning of further widespread arrests of Muslim protesters. The Ethiopian government’s  ongoing repressive crackdown on freedom of speech and the right to peacefully protest has to end now,” said Claire Beston, Amnesty International’s Ethiopia researcher.

Last week, another incident related to the protests reportedly ended in the deaths of an unconfirmed number of people in the town of Kofele in Oromia region.

During the 18 month-long protest movement against alleged government interference in Islamic affairs, the vast majority of demonstrations have been peaceful. However, there have been at least four incidents involving serious allegations of the excessive use of force by security forces against demonstrators in the long-running movement.  While a few isolated incidents of violence involving protestors have occurred, these have taken place during episodes where excessive police force is alleged.

“These reports of further deaths in the context of the Muslim protest movement are deeply worrying. There must be an immediate, independent and impartial investigation into the events in Kofele, as well as into the four incidents last year which resulted in the deaths and injuries of protestors,” said Claire Beston.

“With further protests planned, it is imperative that the behaviour of the security forces is scrutinised and if enough admissible evidence of crimes is found, suspected perpetrators should be prosecuted in trial proceedings that meet international standards.”           ............Readmore

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የህወሓት/ኢህአዴግን  አሸባሪ አገዛዝ በጋራ እንታገል

 

የካቲት 2፣ 2005   

Feb 9, 2013

 

ባለፉት ጥቂት ቀናት የህወሓት/ኢህአዴግ መንግስት በቁጥጥሩ ሥር የሚገኙትን የኢትዮጵያ ሬዲዮና ቴሌቪዥን አገልግሎቶችን  በመጠቀም፣ በእስር ላይ የሚገኙ የሙስሊሙ ማህበረሰብ መሪዎችን የሚወነጅል ሠፊ ቅስቀሳ በማካሄድ ላይ ይገኛል።

ይህ “ጀሀዳዊ አራካት” በሚል ርዕስ በተደጋጋሚ በመሰራጨት ላይ ያለው  ፊልም፣  የሙስሊሙ ማህበረተሰብ የሀይማኖቱን አስተዳደር በተመለከተ ወክለው እንዲናገሩለት የመረጣቸው መሪዎቹ በእስር ላይ እያሉና ጉዳያቸውም በፍርድ ቤት ተብየው እየታየ እያለ፣  እነዚህን በህዝብ የተመረጡ መሪዎች“እሰላማዊ መንግሥት ለመፍጠርና ሁከት ለማካሄድ የሚፈልጉ አሽባሪዎች”እንደሆኑበማሰመስል  በጥፋተኛነት የሚወነጅል ነው።

 

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